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20+ questions about blood donation - a guide on how to become a donor

Answers to more than 20 questions about blood donation that may be bothering you before your first donation.

Emilia Moskal - AuthorAuthorEmilia Moskal
Emilia Moskal - Author
AuthorEmilia Moskal
Natu.Care Editor

Emilia Moskal specialises in medical and psychological texts, including content for medical entities. She is a fan of simple language and reader-friendly communication. At Natu.Care, she writes educational articles.

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Bartholomew Turczynski - Edited byEdited byBartholomew Turczynski
Bartholomew Turczynski - Edited by
Edited byBartholomew Turczynski
Editor-in-Chief

Bartłomiej Turczyński is the editor-in-chief of Natu.Care. He is responsible for the quality of the content created on Natu.Care, among others, and ensures that all articles are based on sound scientific research and consulted with industry specialists.

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Nina Wawryszuk - Fact-checkingFact-checkingNina Wawryszuk
Nina Wawryszuk - Fact-checking
Fact-checkingNina Wawryszuk
Natu.Care Editor

Nina Wawryszuk specialises in sports supplementation, strength training and psychosomatics. On a daily basis, in addition to writing articles for Natu.Care, as a personal trainer she helps athletes improve their performance through training, diet and supplementation.

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20+ questions about blood donation - a guide on how to become a donor
29 April, 2024
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Oil is said to be black gold because of its value. But there is a more valuable substance with a different colour - red. It is blood.

"I had a motorbike accident. My pelvis was in pieces, which caused massive bleeding. I got blood already on the operating table. If it hadn't been for that, I wouldn't be here," Konrad recounts.

It's the 21st century.

We are in the 21st century: the first passenger space flight recently took place, and we still don't know how to produce artificial blood. The only way to obtain this precious medicine is to collect it from a donor. Would you like to become one of them? Find out all about how to donate some of your red gold below.

.

From this article you will learn:

.
  • How Polish blood donation looks like in numbers.
  • Who can become a blood donor?
  • Who can become a donor.
  • .
  • How to prepare for blood donation and what the whole process looks like.
  • How to prepare for blood donation and what the whole process looks like.

See also:

What kind of blood is most in short supply?

.

All over Poland the most urgent need is for type 0 Rh- blood and. If you have this blood type and want to do some good, pull up your sleeves and march to the donation point.

Interesting facts

The Man with the golden arm, or James Harrison, is an Australian blood donor whose blood contains a rare anti-D immunoglobulin. It helps treat newborns at risk of serological conflict. The man donated a total of 1,077 units of blood and blood components. It is estimated that he could have saved more than two million children with this.

How many people in Poland donate blood?

.

According to the Central Statistical Office, more than 612,000 people in Poland had the status of an honorary blood donor in 2017and. In 2021, overall, the highest number of blood donations were made by residents of Warsaw, Katowice and Krakow.

.

City

.
Donors

Donors per 1000

Population

.

Warsaw

.

59556

32

1863056

Katowice

52687

186

282755

Cracow

48327

60

802583

Poznań

44899

82

545073

Wrocław

38023

56

674312

Lodz

37122

56

664860

Bydgoszcz

36045

108

334026

Reszów

30553

156

196374

Lublin

29464

89

332852

Bialystok

29231

100

293413

Gdansk

29016

60

486271

Szczecin

23243

59

394482

Calisz

22694

239

95021

Olsztyn

19363

114

169251

Kielce

16825

91

185478

Green Mountain

16176

116

139667

Opole

14436

114

126775

Racibórz

13151

259

50743

Walbrzych

12697

123

103263

Radom

12147

61

199904

Slupsk

9534

109

87119

We know - big cities, lots of donors. However, when we look at the number of blood donations per 1,000 inhabitants, other towns come to the fore: Racibórz, Kalisz and only Katowice maintains its place on the podium. Bravo!

.

City

Donors

Donors per 1000

Population

.

Racibórz

13151

259

50743

Calisz

22694

239

95021

Katowice

52687

186

282755

Reszów

30553

156

196374

Walbrzych

12697

123

103263

Green Mountain

16176

116

139667

Olsztyn

19363

114

169251

Opole

14436

114

126775

Slupsk

9534

109

87119

Bydgoszcz

36045

108

334026

Bialystok

29231

100

293413

Kielce

16825

91

185478

Lublin

29464

89

332852

Poznań

44899

82

545073

Radom

12147

61

199904

Cracow

48327

60

802583

Gdansk

29016

60

486271

Szczecin

23243

59

394482

Wrocław

38023

56

674312

Lodz

37122

56

664860

Warsaw

59556

32

1863056

How has COVID-19 affected Polish blood donations?

.

Since 2011, the number of whole blood donations in Poland has remained above 1 160 000 per yearand. With the exception of a few years of slight decline, the upward trend continued. The collapse came with 2020, when the COVID-19 pandemic raged.

Happily, the situation is returning to normal and, according to the latest statistics, 2022 could be a record year for donations.

Who donates blood most often?

.

The average Polish blood donor is a man aged 25-44. In 2021, this group accounted for almost half of all donors. Leaving aside the age criterion, two-thirds of donors are menand.

Who can donate blood?

.

According to the Public Blood Service Act, you can become a blood donor ifand:

  • you are between the ages of 18-65,
  • .
  • you have given written consent for blood donation,
  • .
  • you have no contraindications (which you will read about below).
  • .

In exceptional circumstances, blood can also be drawn from a person who is 17 years of age or older and whose legal representative (usually a parent) has given their consent.

What are the contraindications to blood donation?

.

Unfortunately, not everyone can become a donor. Serious chronic illnesses in particular may disqualify you.

Responsible donors are.

When do you need to hold off on donating blood?

.

Some medical conditions and conditions do not exclude you from being a donor, however, they do make it necessary for you to wait a certain period of time before you can donate bloodand.

.

5 years after cure

.

Cause

.

Disqualification time

.
.

Q fever

2 years after cure

Toxoplasmosis

6 months from the date of cure

Tuberculosis

2 years after cure

Rheumatic fever

2 years from cessation of symptoms if you did not get chronic heart disease

Bone marrow inflammation

2 years after cure

Malaria

Minimum 4 months after completion of treatment and resolution of symptoms. Click for details.

You were in a region at high risk of infection with viral diseases

Minimum 28 days after leaving the area

.

Tuberculosis

12 months after cure

Infectious mononucleosis

6 months after cure

Other infectious diseases, influenza or fever over 38°C

2 weeks after cure

Occute glomerulonephritis

Acute glomerulonephritis

Acute diseases of the respiratory, gastrointestinal and urinary systems

.

Till the end of treatment

Hemochromatosis

Until the symptoms have resolved and until the end of the period of treatment by means other than blood-letting

.

Endoscopic examinations (e.g. gastroscopy) or biopsy

.

6 months from the date of examination

.

You have suffered a serious illness, surgery or accident

.

6 months after recovery

You have had a tattoo, piercing, acupuncture or any other beauty treatment with a breach of the skin

6 months.

6 months after the procedure

.

You have been in custody or in prison

6 months after leaving the place of detention

You have had accidental contact with human blood or instruments that have been contaminated with it

6 months after contact

.

You have had contact with an infectious person

.

6 to 12 months after cessation of contact

You have an allergy

.

At the end of the period in which you are experiencing symptoms

.

Till the end of the desensitisation period

.

You are pregnant

.

6 months after childbirth

You have received the vaccination

.

From 48 hours to 3 months depending on the type of vaccine. Learn more.

You are taking medication

.

How to prepare for a blood donation?

.

Before you go to a blood donation centre, check that you have no permanent or temporary contraindications to donating blood. If you are going to donate blood for the first time, also read the donor candidate questionnaire.

.

Are you healthy and of legal age? Great. Find a blood donation centre where you are most comfortable. Most points are open in the morning and early afternoon.

.

Street

. .

Wazów street 42

RCKiK

.

Postal code

.

City

.

Telephone

.

WWWW

.

RCKiK in Bialystok

Maria Skłodowska-Curie St. 23

15-950

Bialystok

(85)7447002

http://www.rckik.bialystok.pl/

RCKiK in Bydgoszcz

Rs. Markwarta St. 8

85-015

Bydgoszcz

(52)3221871

http://www.rckik-bydgoszcz.com.pl/

RCKiK in Gdańsk

J. Hoene-Wroński St. 4

80-210

Gdansk

(58)5204020

http://www.krew.gda.pl/

RCKiK in Kalisz

Kaszubska St. 9

62-800

Calisz

(62)7676663

http://www.krwiodawstwo.kalisz.pl/

RCKiK in Katowice

40-074

Katowice

(32)2087300

http://www.rckik-katowice.pl/

RCKiK in Kielce

Jagiellońska 66

25-734

Kielce

(41)3359400

http://www.rckik-kielce.com.pl/

RCKiK in Kraków

Sul. Rzeźnicza 11

31-540

Cracow

(12)2618820

http://www.rckik.krakow.pl/

RCKiK in Lublin

Rul. Żołnierzy Niepodległej 8

20-078

Lublin

(81)5326275

http://www.rckik.lublin.pl/

RCKiK in Olsztyn

Malborska 2

10-255

Olsztyn

(89)5260156

http://www.rckikol.pl/

RCKiK in Opole

45-372

Opole

(77)4410600

http://www.rckik-opole.com.pl/

RCKiK in Poznań

Marcelińska street 44

60-354

Poznań

(61)8863300

http://www.rckik.poznan.pl/

RCKiK in Racibórz

47-400

Racibórz

(32)4181592

http://www.rckik.pl/

RCKiK in Radom

Limanowskiego St. 42

26-600

Radom

(48)3400520

http://www.rckik.radom.pl/

RCKiK Rzeszów

35-310

Reszów

(17)8672030

http://www.rckk.rzeszow.pl/

RCKiK in Szczecin

al. Wojska Polskiego 80/82

70-482

Szczecin

(91)4243600

http://www.krwiodawstwo.szczecin.pl/

RCKiK in Słupsk

76-200

Slupsk

(59)8422021

http://www.krwiodawstwo.slupsk.pl/

RCKiK in Warsaw

03-948

Warsaw

(22)5146000

http://www.rckik-warszawa.com.pl/

WCKiK MON

.

Szaserów St. 128

04-349

Warsaw

(26)1816716

http://www.wckik.pl/wp/

Ministry of Internal Affairs and Administration

137 Woloska St.

02-507

Warsaw

(22)5081312

http://www.ckikmswia.pl/

RCKiK in Walbrzych

RCKiK wałbrzych

58-303

Walbrzych

(74)6646310

http://www.rckik.walbrzych.pl/

RCKiK in Wrocław

Red Cross Street 5-9

50-345

Wrocław

(71)3715810

http://www.rckik.wroclaw.pl/

RCKiK in Zielona Góra

65-046

Zielona Góra

(68)3298360

http://www.rckik.zgora.pl/

RCKiK in Lodz

Franciska St. 17/25

91-433

Lodz

(42)6161400

http://www.krwiodawstwo.pl/

Think about and choose the date on which you will donate blood. This is important because you should be sleepy on the day and your body fully recovered. You will also need rest after donating blood. So do not choose a time when you will be before or after a lot of physical or mental exertion (e.g. during a period of important examinations).

Remember to hydrate! You should drink around 2 litres of fluids (preferably water and fruit juices) on the day before you donate blood.

Please make sure you are well hydrated.

If you are going to donate blood for the first time, consider taking a companion with you. It will make you feel more comfortable and there will be someone to look after you if you feel weak after donating.

And if you don't feel well, there will be someone to look after you.

On the day you will be donating blood, eat a low-fat, nutritious mealand. Ideally, you should do this about 2 hours before your visit to the blood collection centre. What can you eat?

.

Recommended foods include:

.
    .
  • lean dairy products (cottage cheese, yoghurt, milk),
  • .
  • lean cold cuts (preferably poultry or beef),
  • .
  • cooked lean meat (poultry or beef)
  • .
  • fish,
  • .
  • bread,
  • .
  • fruits and vegetables,
  • .
  • jams and honeys,
  • .
  • oat flakes,
  • oats.
  • cereals, pasta and rice,
  • .

Before donating blood avoid:

.
    .
  • cream and mayonnaise,
  • .
  • fatty meat,
  • .
  • eggs,
  • .
  • butter, margarine and oil,
  • fatty foods
  • yellow cheese,
  • fatty foods,
  • cookies with cream,
  • fatty foods,
  • fatty foods,
  • fatty foods.
  • cream cakes, ice cream,
  • .

Wear non-restrictive clothing for your visit to the collection centre. Ideally, choose a short-sleeved blouse (in the autumn/winter season, wear a blouse or jumper over this). Remember that easy access to your elbow bends will be necessary.

.

If you smoke, try to cut down on cigarettes on the day before donating blood, and refrain from smoking on the day of donation.

How to donate blood?

.

When you arrive at the donation point, first go to registration. This is where you will fill in a donor candidate questionnaire and sign a consent form for blood donation. You will also receive a wrist band with your individual donation number. You will later be directed to an initial blood draw.

.

Staff will draw a small amount of blood to test your haemoglobin level. If you are donating blood for the first time, blood for the test will be drawn in the traditional way - from a vein in the forearm.

If you are donating for the first time, blood will be drawn in the traditional way - from a vein in the forearm.

If you have already donated blood, this test can be carried out using a device to measure haemoglobin levels by finger pricking. An increasing number of donation centres also have equipment that does not require a prick at all.

If you have already donated blood, the test can be carried out using a device that measures haemoglobin levels by finger prick.

If the haemoglobin level in your blood is within normal limits, i.e. >125 g/l (in women) or >135 g/l (in men), you can donate blood.

When you make your first donation, your blood type will also be determined.

The final stage you need to go through is a visit to the doctor's office. The doctor will assess your general health and ask you some additional questions. He will also measure your blood pressure, pulse and temperature. He or she will make the final decision on whether you will be able to donate blood.

.

If the doctor has ruled that blood can be taken from you, you will be directed to the collection room. There you will find, among other things, a sink and washing and disinfecting agents. Near the sink you will see graphic instructions on how to wash your hands and the bends of your elbows. Once you have complied with it, you can sit down on the blood collection chair.

The nurse will prepare the equipment and blood containers and label them with the donation number you were assigned at registration. She will then disinfect the area where the needle will be inserted. From this point onwards, you can no longer touch it.

When the bend of your elbow dries, the nurse will insert the needle into the vein and the blood will start to flow into the container on its own.

How long does it take to donate blood?

.

Donating a full unit of blood (450ml) takes less than 10 minutesand. However, you will need to set aside more time for your visit to the collection centre. Usually the registration, testing and collection takes about an hour in total. Also bear in mind that you will need to sit in the waiting room for 15-30 minutes after donating blood to make sure you feel comfortable.

How much blood is collected during one donation?

.

For full blood donations, 450ml, or a full unit, is taken at one timeand.

If you choose to donate plasma, the maximum amount is determined by your gender, height and weight. Averaging this is about 10 ml for every kilogram of body weight, but no more than 650 mland. Taking more carries with it the need to replenish circulating blood volume.

To replenish the energy expenditure, after donating blood you will receive:

  • 8 chocolates,
  • .
  • waffle,
  • .
  • juiceand.
  • .

The waffle and juice are perfect to eat before you even leave the collection point. Eat boldly and with impunity.

.

Interesting fact:

.

The absolute record holder in blood donations is Mr Andrzej Lis from Stary Sącz. The man has donated over 100 litres of blood during his lifetime! This is a hero who makes Superman look weak.

Absolute record for blood donations.

.

What are the rewards for donating blood?

.

Blood donors typically cite as the greatest reward the joy of selfless help and the knowledge that their gesture saved someone's health or life

When Agatha was leaving her mum at the hospital the previous day, all she heard from the doctor was: "We will roll. We'll see." Now, opening the hall door, she had a soul on her shoulder. Sepsis is a virulent disease. Fortunately, a blood transfusion helped.

"When I saw my mother, it was like seeing a different person. She even had a slight blush and her condition improved enough for me to talk to her normally. It was the first time in many days".

However, blood donors are also honoured in other ways. You will read about that below.

.

Interesting fact:

.

In theory, blood donation is free of charge in the European Union, but some States have introduced 'reimbursement' for expenses and losses incurred (e.g. for not doing your paid work)and. High compensation can be obtained in Austria (up to €50) and Germany (up to €25), among other countries.

.

How to become an honorary blood donor?

.

It is very simple - anyone who has donated blood free of charge at least once is an honorary blood donor. People who regularly donate blood can be awarded the Badges of Meritorious Honorary Blood Donor of the 3rd, 2nd or 1st degree. Whether and which badge you get depends on how much blood you have donated. See:

These badges, along with the Distinguished Honorary Blood Donor card, are issued by the Polish Red Crossand.

Other privileges

.

Everyone who donates blood is entitled to:

.

Free at work and school for two days

.

From 20 April 2023, anyone who has donated blood is entitled to two days off.

You will obtain the exemption at the registration desk of the collection centre where you donated blood. It applies to the day you turned up for the collection and the following day. If, for medical reasons, your blood donation did not take place, you will obtain a release for a few hoursand.

Please note that you will not be able to take any more time off.

Remember to give your employer advance notice of any planned absence related to blood donation.

.

Reimbursement of travel expenses

.

You may be reimbursed for the tickets you bought to travel to the nearest donation centreand. You will usually get a refund at registration. PS. This is a free one-way trip only. You'll have to pay your own way back.

Tax relief

.

You can deduct donated blood from your tax on your PIT. You calculate the amount of the deduction by multiplying the amount of blood donated in a given tax year by a specific amount (currently £130). This amount is the cash equivalent for 1 litre of blood. If you donate 2 litres of blood this year, you will be able to deduct PLN 260 from your tax.

.

The amount of the blood donation deduction cannot exceed 6% of the income you reported on your PITand.

.

Blood test results

.

After donation, your blood will be tested for:

.
  • haemoglobin level,
  • .
  • fibres,
  • .
  • HIV,
  • .
  • hepatitis B and C,
  • .

You can get your test results free of charge within a few days of donation. All you need to do is request this when registering at the point of collection.

.

Important

If your blood test results reveal a medical condition, staff will contact you to let you know.

People who have donated blood more than once are entitled to:

.

Reduction on train and bus tickets

.

Persons who have donated blood (or blood components) at least 3 times (including plasma at least once after COVID-19) are entitled to a 33% discount on national transport tickets during an epidemic emergency or state of epidemic and.

The concession applies to tickets:

.
  • bus tickets,
  • .
  • passenger and fast trains (1st and 2nd class),
  • other tickets.
  • other trains (2nd class),
  • .

BloodCard

The BloodCard is an identification card for your blood group. You can get it free of charge or for a small fee, after you have made a few blood donations.

Deserved Honorary Blood Donors are entitled to:

.

Discount on medicines

.

Deserved Honorary Blood Donors have discounts on certain medicinesand. To czy dany środek jest objęty ulgą możesz sprawdzić na stronie KtoMaLek.co.uk. In order to receive relief, the prescription must be issued by a public healthcare doctor or one who has a relevant contract with the National Health Service.

.

Unfortunately, you will not be able to redeem the relief on prescriptions from most private clinics.

Health care without queues

.

On the basis of your "Meritorious Honorary Blood Donor" card, you can use healthcare services and buy from pharmacies without waiting in line. Checkmate the NHF.

.

As a "Deserved Honorary Blood Donor" you will also get a sanatorium faster. Checkmate times two.

Discount on public transport

.

The amount of discounts and which Distinguished Honorary Donors receive them depends on the regulations in specific cities. The most common discount is 50%, 75% or 100% and can be given to Deserved Honorary Blood Donors of the first degree. You can check the list of cities and the conditions for concessions at blood donors.org.

Even more discounts

.

The Donors in Giving initiative brings together various entities that give discounts to Deserving Honorary Blood Donors. On the website (linked above) you will find lists of: hostels, hotels, tourism companies, cultural centres and catering establishments that offer discounts on their products and services.

Why can you donate blood?

.

Blood can be donated every eight weeks, but no more than six times a year (men) and four times an eye (women)and.

Blood components such as platelets can be donated every four weeks, up to a maximum of 12 times a year .

Plasm can be donated most frequently, as often as every fortnight, but no more than 25 litres can be donated in a year .

.

Can you donate blood during your period?

.

You cannot donate blood during menstruation and three days after the end of menstruation. This restriction applies even to those women who have very scanty periods. Choose a different date. Your body has a harder time during this time anyway.

.

Is blood donation healthy?

.

In the 2022 study, blood donors themselves were asked about the impact of regular blood donation on the body. According to the majority, blood donation is not addictive, nor does it overproduce bloodand.

More than 81% instead admit to having a better mental wellbeing after donating blood. As you can easily guess this is due to the knowledge that they have done something good.

Can we say that donating blood is healthy? Looking at mental wellbeing - yes. Considering our physical wellbeing, blood donation is neutral to our health.

Blood donation is not healthy.

Gaps in donated blood are replenished by our body in the same way as those caused by cuts or nosebleeds.

.
.

Interesting fact

.

Your body will replenish the loss of 450 ml of blood donated during a single donation in as little as 3-4 days.

.

What are the side effects after donating blood?

.

Let's be clear: blood donation is safe. For healthy individuals, studies show no long-term side effects associated with blood loss during donationand.

The most common side effect occurring immediately after blood donation is a feeling of fatigue and weakness. Some people may experience fainting, but these are occasionaland. Vein, artery and nerve damage is even rarer.

A Polish study  examining complications from donations performed from 2005 to 2013 reported only 0.66% of complications, almost all of which were minor complications.

Does donating blood hurt?

.

No, donating blood is not painful. You will only feel a sting. Exactly the same as when you draw blood for a normal test.

Why does it hurt?

With which medicines can you not donate blood?

.

Taking most medications will exclude you temporarily from donating blood. Even the common aspirin will make you ineligible to donate.

Blood donation.

For some preparations, the period of disqualification will pass when you stop taking them. With others, you will additionally have to undergo the withdrawal period needed for the drug to clear out of your system.

If you are taking aspirin, you will be disqualified for donation.

If you are taking or have recently taken medication and wish to donate blood, please consult your doctor.

What medications are not a contraindication to blood donation?

.

Taking dietary supplements and vitamins is not a contraindication to donating blood. Many women think that taking hormonal contraception excludes them from becoming a blood donor. This is not true. If you are taking hormonal contraception, you can donate blood.

See also:

.

FAQ

.
. Can you donate blood if you have hypothyroidism?.

No. Diseases of the thyroid, such as hypothyroidism or hypothyroidism are diseases of the endocrine system. This means that they are a contraindication to blood donation and disqualify a donor candidate.

. Can you donate blood with Hashimoto's?.

You cannot donate blood if you suffer from Hashimoto's disease. This condition is one of the diseases of the endocrine system and excludes a donor candidate from donating blood.

. Why do doctors not donate blood?.

It cannot be said that doctors do not donate blood. However, some medical specialties (e.g. surgery) are associated with an increased risk of infection with blood transfusion-transmissible diseases. This may be a disqualifying criterion for these individuals from blood donation.

. Is it permissible to drink coffee prior to blood donation?.

Yes, you can drink coffee before donating blood. This is especially true for people for whom this is a morning ritual. Coffee and tea have no significant effect on the quality and parameters of your blood. Just remember that coffee can be diuretic and slightly dehydrating, so drink plenty of water before donating.

. Can you donate blood if you have high blood pressure?

If you suffer from high blood pressure, you can donate blood during a period of so-called stabilised blood pressure - after a positive decision by your doctor at the blood collection centre. However, if you are actively treated and taking medication for hypertension, you cannot become a donor. The substances you take could adversely affect the health of the person who would receive your blood.

. Can you donate blood if you have herpes?.

No. Herpes is a viral disease, caused by viruses of the Herpes simplex virus group. This means that, like other mild viral diseases, it temporarily excludes you from donating blood. Donation will not be possible until two weeks after the herpes has been cured.

. Can you donate blood after taking painkillers?.

After taking most common painkillers containing ibuprofen or ketoprofen, you cannot donate blood for two days. If you have taken an anti-pain drug before your appointment at the collection centre, unfortunately - you will need to reschedule.

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Resources

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"EUR-Lex - 52006DC0217 - EN". Text/html; charset=UTF-8. OPOCE. Accessed 26 May 2023. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/PL/TXT/HTML/?uri=CELEX%3A52006DC0217.

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HDK Legion. "Does every drug exclude you from donating blood?". Accessed 26 May 2023. https://legionhdk.pl/krwiodawstwo/mity-w-krwiodawstwie/czy-kazdy-lek-wyklucza-z-oddania-krwi.

The HDK Legion. "Does blood regeneration take a long time?" Accessed 26 May 2023. https://legionhdk.pl/krwiodawstwo/mity-w-krwiodawstwie/czy-regeneracja-krwi-trwa-dlugo.

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"Announcement by the Speaker of the Sejm of the Republic of Poland of 20 February 2014 on the announcement of the consolidated text of the Act on the Public Blood Service". Accessed 26 May 2023. https://isap.sejm.gov.pl/isap.nsf/DocDetails.xsp?id=WDU20140000332.

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"Act of 21 January 2021 on amending the Act on special solutions related to the prevention, prevention and control of COVID-19, other infectious diseases and emergencies caused by them and some other acts", n.d. https://isap.sejm.gov.pl/isap.nsf/DocDetails.xsp?id=WDU20210000159

Access 26 May 2023.https://krwiodawcy.org/statystyki/.

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