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DHA acid in pregnancy: how much to take and when to start supplementation?

Find out why you should supplement DHA acid during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Emilia Moskal - AuthorAuthorEmilia Moskal
Emilia Moskal - Author
AuthorEmilia Moskal
Natu.Care Editor

Emilia Moskal specialises in medical and psychological texts, including content for medical entities. She is a fan of simple language and reader-friendly communication. At Natu.Care, she writes educational articles.

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Julia Skrajda - Reviewed byReviewed byJulia Skrajda
Verified by an expert
Julia Skrajda - Reviewed by
Reviewed byJulia Skrajda
Clinical nutritionist

A clinical nutritionist, she works in the profession and creates personalised menus and recommendations for disease entities.

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Bartholomew Turczynski - Edited byEdited byBartholomew Turczynski
Bartholomew Turczynski - Edited by
Edited byBartholomew Turczynski
Editor-in-Chief

Bartłomiej Turczyński is the editor-in-chief of Natu.Care. He is responsible for the quality of the content created on Natu.Care, among others, and ensures that all articles are based on sound scientific research and consulted with industry specialists.

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Nina Wawryszuk - Fact-checkingFact-checkingNina Wawryszuk
Nina Wawryszuk - Fact-checking
Fact-checkingNina Wawryszuk
Natu.Care Editor

Nina Wawryszuk specialises in sports supplementation, strength training and psychosomatics. On a daily basis, in addition to writing articles for Natu.Care, as a personal trainer she helps athletes improve their performance through training, diet and supplementation.

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DHA acid in pregnancy: how much to take and when to start supplementation?
29 April, 2024
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The fact that folic acid needs to be supplemented during pregnancy is probably already known to every mum-to-be. However, there is one more ingredient that is worth taking care of during this special period.

Docosahexaenoic acid, or DHA, is one of the three most important omega-3 fatty acids, and its supplementation is recommended for both expectant and breastfeeding mothers.

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From this article you will learn:

  • What DHA acid is and why it is important for pregnant women.
  • .
  • How much DHA acid to take during pregnancy and when to start.
  • .
  • What are the best DHA supplements and can you overdose.
  • What are the best DHA supplements and can you overdose?

See also:

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What is DHA acid?

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DHA acid, or docosahexaenoic acid, is one of the key components of cell membranes in your body. It is an essential polyunsaturated fatty acid that belongs to the group of omega-3 acids. DHA is particularly important for the proper functioning of the nervous system, brain and eyes.

DHA acid has several important functions in your bodyand:

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    .
  • Promotes brain health -This acid is particularly important for brain development in infants and young children, but is also essential for proper brain function in adults.
  • Cares for eye health - DHA is an essential component of the retina. Therefore, its deficiency can lead to vision problems.
  • Prevents inflammation - DHA can help reduce inflammation in the body, which can be helpful in the course of many chronic diseases.

Why is DHA acid important during pregnancy?

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When you are expecting the birth of your baby, one of the most important aspects you should take care of is your health and proper nutrition. In particular, it is worth taking care of the right amount of intracellular fatty acids, such as DHA acid.

The most important reason why DHA acid plays such an important role during pregnancy is its effect on the development of the brain and eyes of the foetus. DHA supports the normal development of the baby's brain in the womb and also after birth. It is also essential for the proper formation of the retina, which translates into the ability to seeand.

DHA not only benefits the baby's development, but also the mother's health - it can help prevent postnatal depression, among other things. Studies show that low levels of DHA may be associated with a higher risk of this condition. DHA acid also has the potential to reduce the risk of premature birthand.

A 2018 study suggests that taking DHA in the second half of pregnancy may minimise the risk of low birth weight in newbornsand.

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Additionally, a proper supply of DHA during pregnancy prevents preterm birth.
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Julia Skrajda

Julia SkrajdaDietitian

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An interesting, multi-stage study from 2003 tested the effect of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation (including DHA acid) on mental development. Women at 18 weeks gestation were divided into two groups. One took corn oil (control group), the other oil with omega-3 fatty acids. The participants were to continue supplementation also during breastfeeding (for 3 months).

The final stage of the study tested the mental performance of children whose mothers took omega-3s and corn oil after they reached the age of four. According to the study, children of women supplementing with omega-3 during pregnancy and while breastfeeding scored better on an IQ testand.

Best DHA acid supplements for pregnant women

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These dietary supplements are suitable for pregnant and lactating women. However, always remember to consult your healthcare professional before starting any supplementation. Let your health and the health of your baby always be a priority.

Pure composition

Aura Herbals Omega-3 370 DHA / 700 EPA

Aura Herbals Omega-3 370 DHA / 700 EPA
4.9
  • Omega-3 content: 370 mg DHA and 700 mg EPA
  • .
  • Additional active ingredients: none
  • .
  • Form: liquid
  • .
  • Dose: 5 or 10 ml
  • Sufficient for: 20 or 40 days
  • .
See price
in the Natu.Care shop
Product description

Supplement in liquid form, rich in fatty acids from Atlantic mackerel, anchovies and Atlantic sardines. It is a rich source of omega-3 acids. The combination of DHA and EPA improves the functioning of your brain, heart, eyesight, supports the nervous system, influences the appearance of your skin and has a positive impact on your mental health.

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Pros and cons

Supplement in liquid form, rich in fatty acids from Atlantic mackerel, anchovies and Atlantic sardines. It is a rich source of omega-3 acids. The combination of DHA and EPA improves the functioning of your brain, heart, eyesight, supports the nervous system, influences the appearance of your skin and has a positive impact on your mental health.

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Additional information

Supplement in liquid form, rich in fatty acids from Atlantic mackerel, anchovies and Atlantic sardines. It is a rich source of omega-3 acids. The combination of DHA and EPA improves the functioning of your brain, heart, eyesight, supports the nervous system, influences the appearance of your skin and has a positive impact on your mental health.

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User review

Supplement in liquid form, rich in fatty acids from Atlantic mackerel, anchovies and Atlantic sardines. It is a rich source of omega-3 acids. The combination of DHA and EPA improves the functioning of your brain, heart, eyesight, supports the nervous system, influences the appearance of your skin and has a positive impact on your mental health.

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For pregnant women

Sundose° Daily Mum°

Sundose° Daily Mum°
5.0
  • Omega-3 content: 500 mg of DHA acid
  • .
  • Additional active ingredients: folic acid, vitamin D3, choline, iodine
  • Form: powder and capsules (contents of 1 sachet)
  • .
  • Dose: 1 sachet per day
  • .
  • Sufficient for: 30 days
  • .
See price
in the Natu.Care shop
Product description

Complex body support for women preparing for motherhood as well as those who are pregnant. A set of safe ingredientsós ensures the health of the mother and supports the normal developmentóof the baby.

Folic acid prevents neural tube defects, i.e. congenital defects of the nervous system. DHA acid (omega-3) will take care of the correct development of the child's eyesight, brain and the entire nervous system. Together with the iodine and choline contained in the product, it will also strengthen youróy body.

Pros and cons

Complex body support for women preparing for motherhood as well as those who are pregnant. A set of safe ingredientsós ensures the health of the mother and supports the normal developmentóof the baby.

Folic acid prevents neural tube defects, i.e. congenital defects of the nervous system. DHA acid (omega-3) will take care of the correct development of the child's eyesight, brain and the entire nervous system. Together with the iodine and choline contained in the product, it will also strengthen youróy body.

Additional information

Complex body support for women preparing for motherhood as well as those who are pregnant. A set of safe ingredientsós ensures the health of the mother and supports the normal developmentóof the baby.

Folic acid prevents neural tube defects, i.e. congenital defects of the nervous system. DHA acid (omega-3) will take care of the correct development of the child's eyesight, brain and the entire nervous system. Together with the iodine and choline contained in the product, it will also strengthen youróy body.

Expert opinion

Complex body support for women preparing for motherhood as well as those who are pregnant. A set of safe ingredientsós ensures the health of the mother and supports the normal developmentóof the baby.

Folic acid prevents neural tube defects, i.e. congenital defects of the nervous system. DHA acid (omega-3) will take care of the correct development of the child's eyesight, brain and the entire nervous system. Together with the iodine and choline contained in the product, it will also strengthen youróy body.

Efficient

ALLNUTRITION Omega 3 Strong

ALLNUTRITION Omega 3 Strong
4.7
  • Content omega-3 acids550 mg (DHA 220 mg + EPA 330 mg)
  • Additional active ingredients: vitamin E
  • Form: capsules
  • .
  • Dose: 1 capsule per day
  • .
  • Sufficient for: 90 days
  • .
See price
in the Natu.Care shop
Product description

A dietary supplement with a solid portion of DHA and EPA – valuable for health and well-being omega-3 acidsós. Indicated especially for people on a plant-based diet, physically active people and seniors.

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The sourceóof omega-3 acids in this preparation is fish oil.

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Pros and cons

A dietary supplement with a solid portion of DHA and EPA – valuable for health and well-being omega-3 acidsós. Indicated especially for people on a plant-based diet, physically active people and seniors.

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The sourceóof omega-3 acids in this preparation is fish oil.

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Additional information

A dietary supplement with a solid portion of DHA and EPA – valuable for health and well-being omega-3 acidsós. Indicated especially for people on a plant-based diet, physically active people and seniors.

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The sourceóof omega-3 acids in this preparation is fish oil.

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User review

A dietary supplement with a solid portion of DHA and EPA – valuable for health and well-being omega-3 acidsós. Indicated especially for people on a plant-based diet, physically active people and seniors.

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The sourceóof omega-3 acids in this preparation is fish oil.

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With vitamin D3

Primabiotic Omega + vitamin D3

Primabiotic Omega + vitamin D3
4.3
  • Omega-3 content: 600 mg (240 mg DHA + 360 mg EPA)
  • Additional active ingredients: vitamin D3
  • Form: capsules
  • .
  • Dose: 1 or 2 capsules daily
  • .
  • Sufficient for: 60 or 30 days
  • .
See price
in the Natu.Care shop
Product description

The combination of omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil and vitamin D3 will strengthen your nervous system and eyesight. It will improve your brain function and have a beneficial effect on your cardiovascular system. Thanks to the high dose of vitamin D, supplementation with the preparation will increase immunity and have a beneficial effect on your muscles and bones.

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Taking the product will also improve your resistance to stress and soothe your nervous system.

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Pros and cons

The combination of omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil and vitamin D3 will strengthen your nervous system and eyesight. It will improve your brain function and have a beneficial effect on your cardiovascular system. Thanks to the high dose of vitamin D, supplementation with the preparation will increase immunity and have a beneficial effect on your muscles and bones.

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Taking the product will also improve your resistance to stress and soothe your nervous system.

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Additional information

The combination of omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil and vitamin D3 will strengthen your nervous system and eyesight. It will improve your brain function and have a beneficial effect on your cardiovascular system. Thanks to the high dose of vitamin D, supplementation with the preparation will increase immunity and have a beneficial effect on your muscles and bones.

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Taking the product will also improve your resistance to stress and soothe your nervous system.

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User review

The combination of omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil and vitamin D3 will strengthen your nervous system and eyesight. It will improve your brain function and have a beneficial effect on your cardiovascular system. Thanks to the high dose of vitamin D, supplementation with the preparation will increase immunity and have a beneficial effect on your muscles and bones.

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Taking the product will also improve your resistance to stress and soothe your nervous system.

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Vegan

Dr. Jacob's DHA + EPA

Dr. Jacob's DHA + EPA
4.1
  • Omega-3 content: 250 mg (83 mg EPA + 167 mg DHA)
  • Additional active ingredients: none
  • .
  • Form: capsules
  • .
  • Dose: 1–2 capsules
  • Sufficient for: 30 or 60 days
  • .
See price
in the Natu.Care shop
Product description

The dietary supplement contains oil from the microalgae Schizochytrium sp. Algae are a healthy, plant-based alternative as a source of health-important fatty acids. 

DHA acid contributes to the maintenance of normal móbrain function and normal vision, and the combination of EPA + DHA supports heart health (with a daily intake of 250 mg DHA). In addition, omega-3 fatty acids support immunity, mood and the condition and appearance of the skinóskin.

DHA supplementation is especially important when consuming little fish, so those on a plant-based diet should ensure supplementation as they are at risk of an omega-3 deficiency.

Pros and cons

The dietary supplement contains oil from the microalgae Schizochytrium sp. Algae are a healthy, plant-based alternative as a source of health-important fatty acids. 

DHA acid contributes to the maintenance of normal móbrain function and normal vision, and the combination of EPA + DHA supports heart health (with a daily intake of 250 mg DHA). In addition, omega-3 fatty acids support immunity, mood and the condition and appearance of the skinóskin.

DHA supplementation is especially important when consuming little fish, so those on a plant-based diet should ensure supplementation as they are at risk of an omega-3 deficiency.

Additional information

The dietary supplement contains oil from the microalgae Schizochytrium sp. Algae are a healthy, plant-based alternative as a source of health-important fatty acids. 

DHA acid contributes to the maintenance of normal móbrain function and normal vision, and the combination of EPA + DHA supports heart health (with a daily intake of 250 mg DHA). In addition, omega-3 fatty acids support immunity, mood and the condition and appearance of the skinóskin.

DHA supplementation is especially important when consuming little fish, so those on a plant-based diet should ensure supplementation as they are at risk of an omega-3 deficiency.

User review

The dietary supplement contains oil from the microalgae Schizochytrium sp. Algae are a healthy, plant-based alternative as a source of health-important fatty acids. 

DHA acid contributes to the maintenance of normal móbrain function and normal vision, and the combination of EPA + DHA supports heart health (with a daily intake of 250 mg DHA). In addition, omega-3 fatty acids support immunity, mood and the condition and appearance of the skinóskin.

DHA supplementation is especially important when consuming little fish, so those on a plant-based diet should ensure supplementation as they are at risk of an omega-3 deficiency.

For as long as 3 months

OstroVit Omega 3 Easy to Swallow

OstroVit Omega 3 Easy to Swallow
4.3
  • Content omega-3 acids: 300 mg (180 mg EPA + 120 mg DHA)
  • Form: capsules
  • .
  • Dose: 2 capsules daily
  • .
  • Sufficient for: 45 days
  • .
See price
in the Natu.Care shop
Product description

A dietary supplement designed for all those who want to supply their body with the necessary amount of omega-3 fatty acids, but have problems swallowing standard capsules. 

By reducing the size of the capsule, the dietary supplement is much easier to swallow and does not stand in the throat. The ingredients in the supplement have been shown to support heart and móbrain function and strengthen blood vessels.

The ingredients in the supplement have been shown to support heart and móbrain function and strengthen blood vessels.

The sourceóof the omega-3 fatty acids in this supplement is fish oil.

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Pros and cons

A dietary supplement designed for all those who want to supply their body with the necessary amount of omega-3 fatty acids, but have problems swallowing standard capsules. 

By reducing the size of the capsule, the dietary supplement is much easier to swallow and does not stand in the throat. The ingredients in the supplement have been shown to support heart and móbrain function and strengthen blood vessels.

The ingredients in the supplement have been shown to support heart and móbrain function and strengthen blood vessels.

The sourceóof the omega-3 fatty acids in this supplement is fish oil.

.
Additional information

A dietary supplement designed for all those who want to supply their body with the necessary amount of omega-3 fatty acids, but have problems swallowing standard capsules. 

By reducing the size of the capsule, the dietary supplement is much easier to swallow and does not stand in the throat. The ingredients in the supplement have been shown to support heart and móbrain function and strengthen blood vessels.

The ingredients in the supplement have been shown to support heart and móbrain function and strengthen blood vessels.

The sourceóof the omega-3 fatty acids in this supplement is fish oil.

.
User review

A dietary supplement designed for all those who want to supply their body with the necessary amount of omega-3 fatty acids, but have problems swallowing standard capsules. 

By reducing the size of the capsule, the dietary supplement is much easier to swallow and does not stand in the throat. The ingredients in the supplement have been shown to support heart and móbrain function and strengthen blood vessels.

The ingredients in the supplement have been shown to support heart and móbrain function and strengthen blood vessels.

The sourceóof the omega-3 fatty acids in this supplement is fish oil.

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See also: Omega-3 fatty acids - which ones to choose?

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How much DHA should you take while pregnant?

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Before getting into specifics, let's start by saying that DHA acid supplementation during pregnancy should be consulted with your doctor. It is also a good idea to do blood tests to determine the concentration of omega-3 fatty acids in the body and go to a specialist with the results.

Both during the period when you are preparing for pregnancy and during pregnancy, experts recommend taking DHA acid. However, its daily intake should depend on your diet. If your diet is rich in fish and seafood, experts advise consuming 200 mg DHA acid per dayand.

However, if you don't eat fish or eat too little fish you can supplement 400 mg DHA acid dailyand. But how do you know if you're eating the right amount of fish? If they're on your plate at least 1-2 times a week (i.e. you're eating around 300g a week) - you're good.

See also: Omega-3: best sources in the diet

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Interesting fact

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If your pregnancy is at risk of preterm birth, your doctor may recommend DHA acid supplementation at up to 1,000 mg per dayand.

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DHA acid is also worth taking during breastfeeding, as the only source of this substance for your baby is your milkand.

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DHA in pregnancy: from when to supplement it?

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With DHA acid supplementation it is similar to taking folic acid: it is best to start even before you get pregnant, i.e. at the time you start planning your pregnancy. You can successfully continue to consume DHA acid throughout your pregnancy and lactation.

If this is not possible, start taking DHA acid from the stage of pregnancy you are currentlyand.

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Is it possible to overdose on DHA during pregnancy?

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As with any active substance, DHA acid can also be overdosed. Taking too high a daily dose can lead to unpleasant discomforts, such asand:

  • bleeding gums,
  • .
  • nose bleeding,
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  • diarrhoea,
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  • nausea,
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  • excessive lowering of blood pressure,
  • .

In addition, in people with diabetes, too high doses of DHA acid may cause blood sugar levels to rise.

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Additionally, too high a supply of DHA will reduce the absorption of EPA.
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Julia Skrajda

Julia SkrajdaDietitian

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For supplementation to be safe and to benefit you as much as possible, always follow your doctor's recommendations as to dosage or the manufacturer's guidelines for a particular product.

See also:

Summary

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  • DHA acid is a polyunsaturated fatty acid found in the cells of the body.
  • DHA is a polyunsaturated fatty acid found in the cells of the body.
  • His primary function during pregnancy is to promote the normal development of the fetal nervous system.
  • DHA is a fatty acid found in the cells of the body.
  • DHA acid also influences the formation of eye structures and later on supports the sense of sight.
  • .
  • The recommended daily intake of DHA acid for pregnant women depends, among other things, on the amount of fish consumed.
  • .
  • DHA acid is best started in supplementation during the planning period of pregnancy and continued throughout pregnancy, as well as during lactation.
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FAQ

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. Is it necessary to take DHA during pregnancy?.

It is worth taking DHA acid during pregnancy. Docosahexaenoic acid is an essential part of an expectant mother's diet as it supports the development of the baby's brain and vision. The recommended dose is at least 200 mg of DHA per day. 

You can find it in oily marine fish such as salmon, mackerel and sardines. However, if you are unable to get enough DHA through diet, consider supplementation. When choosing a supplement, pay attention to its quality - it should be free of heavy metals.

. Are omega-3 and DHA the same thing?.

No, Omega-3 and DHA are not the same thing. Omega-3s are a group of polyunsaturated fatty acids that include EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid), DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) and ALA (alpha-lipoic acid). DHA is therefore one type of omega-3 fatty acid.

DHA is crucial for the proper functioning of the brain and eyes. It is found in large quantities in brain tissue and the retina. EPA, on the other hand, is important for heart and cardiovascular health. You can find it in oily marine fish such as salmon and sardines. ALA is found in nuts, seeds and vegetable oils, among others. Ensure a balanced diet that provides all types of Omega-3 fatty acids.

. How much DHA to take in the second trimester of pregnancy?.

In the second trimester as throughout pregnancy, it is recommended to take at least 200 mg DHA acid per day. If your diet is poor in fish, your daily intake of DHA acid should be around 400 mg.

. Is DHA a vitamin D?.

No, DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) it is not vitamin D. DHA is an omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, crucial for proper brain and eye function. Vitamin D, on the other hand, also known as the 'sunshine vitamin', is essential for the proper functioning of the immune system and healthy bones, among other things.

DHA can be found in oily marine fish such as salmon, mackerel and sardines. Vitamin D, on the other hand, you can make during sun exposure and from products such as oily fish, eggs and liver. Ensure a balanced diet to provide your body with both these nutrients.

. How to check your DHA levels.

Test your DHA levels by taking a proper blood test - the cost is around £200. Find a laboratory that offers this test - it is often part of an analysis of a wider fatty acid profile. Make an appointment to have a blood sample taken. The results should show the concentration of DHA in erythrocytes, which is a good indicator of long-term DHA intake.

This test is particularly important for people on vegan or vegetarian diets, who may have low DHA levels due to lack of fatty fish consumption. Once you have your results, consult your doctor or nutritionist to interpret the results and adjust your diet or supplementation if necessary.

. What does DHA mean?.

DHA is docosahexaenoic acid, a polyunsaturated fatty acid omega-3. It is mainly found in oily marine fish such as salmon and sardines. DHA is crucial for brain and eye health. Consume it regularly, especially if you are pregnant, breastfeeding or on a diet vegan diet.

DHA is also available in the form of dietary supplements, which is particularly important for people who do not eat fish. Choose high-quality supplements that are free from heavy metal contamination, such as  Natu.Care Premium Omega-3 TG. DHA is essential for the body to function properly, so it is important to consume it regularly.

. Are tranium and DHA the same thing?.

No, cod liver oil and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) are not the same thing, although they are related. Tran is fish oil, which contains polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids, including DHA and EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid). DHA, on the other hand, is a specific fatty acid in the omega-3 group.

You can consume cod liver oil to provide your body with DHA and EPA. DHA is crucial for brain and eye function, while EPA supports the cardiovascular system.

DHA is a key fatty acid for brain and eye function, while EPA supports the cardiovascular system.

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Sources

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. See all.

Anderson, G. J., Connor, W. E., & Corliss, J. D. (1990). Docosahexaenoic Acid Is the Preferred Dietary n-3 Fatty Acid for the Development of the Brain and Retina. Pediatric Research27(1), Article 1. https://doi.org/10.1203/00006450-199001000-00023

Carlson, S. E., Gajewski, B. J., Alhayek, S., Colombo, J., Kerling, E. H., & Gustafson, K. M. (2018). Dose-response relationship between docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) intake and lower rates of early preterm birth, low birth weight and very low birth weight. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids138, 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plefa.2018.09.002

Helland, I. B., Smith, L., Saarem, K., Saugstad, O. D., & Drevon, C. A. (2003). Maternal Supplementation With Very-Long-Chain n-3 Fatty Acids During Pregnancy and Lactation Augments Children's IQ at 4 Years of Age. Pediatrics111(1), e39-e44. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.111.1.e39

Horrocks, L. A., & Yeo, Y. K. (1999a). Health benefits of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Pharmacological Research40(3), 211-225. https://doi.org/10.1006/phrs.1999.0495

Horrocks, L. A., & Yeo, Y. K. (1999b). HEALTH BENEFITS OF DOCOSAHEXAENOIC ACID (DHA). Pharmacological Research40(3), 211-225. https://doi.org/10.1006/phrs.1999.0495

Jarosz, Prof Dr M. (2020, December 3). Nutrition standards 2020. National Center for Nutrition Education. https://ncez.pzh.gov.pl/abc-zywienia/normy-zywienia-2020/

Mallick, R., Basak, S., & Duttaroy, A. K. (2019). Docosahexaenoic acid,22:6n-3: Its roles in the structure and function of the brain. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience: The Official Journal of the International Society for Developmental Neuroscience79, 21-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdevneu.2019.10.004

Marine Oils. (2006). In Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed®). National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK501898/

Simopoulos, A. P. (2009). Evolutionary Aspects of the Dietary Omega-6:Omega-3 Fatty Acid Ratio: Medical Implications. https://doi.org/10.1159/000235706

Tai, E. K. K., Wang, X. B., & Chen, Z.-Y. (2013). An update on adding docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA) to baby formula. Food & Function4(12), 1767-1775. https://doi.org/10.1039/C3FO60298B

Uauy, R., Mena, P., & Rojas, C. (2000). Essential fatty acids in early life: Structural and functional role. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society59(1), 3-15. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0029665100000021

Wawryszuk, N. (2023). Omega acids. Everything you need to know. (B. Turczynski, Ed.; 1st ed.). Natu.Care. https://books.google.com/books?vid=9788396887818

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Yelland, L. N., Gajewski, B. J., Colombo, J., Gibson, R. A., Makrides, M., & Carlson, S. E. (2016). Predicting the effect of maternal docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation to reduce early preterm birth in Australia and the United States using results of within country randomized controlled trials. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids112, 44-49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plefa.2016.08.007

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Meet the team
Emilia Moskal - Author

Natu.Care Editor

Emilia Moskal specialises in medical and psychological texts, including content for medical entities. She is a fan of simple language and reader-friendly communication. At Natu.Care, she writes educational articles.

Julia Skrajda - Reviewed by

Clinical nutritionist

Verified by an expert

A clinical nutritionist, she works in the profession and creates personalised menus and recommendations for disease entities.

Bartholomew Turczynski - Edited by

Editor-in-Chief

Bartłomiej Turczyński is the editor-in-chief of Natu.Care. He is responsible for the quality of the content created on Natu.Care, among others, and ensures that all articles are based on sound scientific research and consulted with industry specialists.

Nina Wawryszuk - Fact-checking

Natu.Care Editor

Nina Wawryszuk specialises in sports supplementation, strength training and psychosomatics. On a daily basis, in addition to writing articles for Natu.Care, as a personal trainer she helps athletes improve their performance through training, diet and supplementation.

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