Glycine - what it is, formula, properties, action, side effects

Glycine is a simple endogenous amino acid that, among other things, combats oxidative stress, supports collagen synthesis and ensures healthy sleep.

Ludwig Jelonek - AuthorAuthorLudwig Jelonek
Ludwig Jelonek - Author
AuthorLudwig Jelonek
Natu.Care Editor

Ludwik Jelonek is the author of more than 2,500 texts published on leading portals. His content has found its way into services such as Ostrovit and Kobieta Onet. At Natu.Care, Ludwik educates people in the most important area of life - health.

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Ilona Bush - Reviewed byReviewed byIlona Bush
Verified by an expert
Ilona Bush - Reviewed by
Reviewed byIlona Bush
Master of Pharmacy

Ilona Krzak obtained her Master of Pharmacy degree from the Medical University of Wrocław. She did her internship in a hospital pharmacy and in the pharmaceutical industry. She is currently working in the profession and also runs an educational profile on Instagram: @pani_z_apteki

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Nina Wawryszuk - Fact-checkingFact-checkingNina Wawryszuk
Nina Wawryszuk - Fact-checking
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Glycine - what it is, formula, properties, action, side effects
29 April, 2024
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Simple to build, found in space and may help with sleep. No, it's not Elon Musk's new invention. It's glycine - a simple amino acid without which your body won't function properly.

Glycine is like a spare pen you carry with you - you don't always realise how important it is until you need it.

That's why, together with a clinical nutritionist, Master of Pharmacy and Doctor of Pharmacy, I will try to make sure you know how to conserve (and why it's worth it) the glycine deposits in your body.

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From this article you will learn:

  • What is glycine, L-glycine and D-glycine.
  • What is glycine?
  • What properties it has and what it does for you.
  • What it does for you.
  • Where is glycine used and what products do you find it in.
  • .
  • What are the symptoms of glycine deficiency and excess.
  • .
  • Whether there are side effects and contraindications to using glycine.
  • .

See also:

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What is glycine?

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Glycine, otherwise known as aminoacetic acid, is an organic chemical compound and the simplest of the standard protein amino acids. It is an endogenous amino acid, meaning your body can synthesise it on its own (e.g. from choline, serine, hydroxyproline, threonine)and.

How does glycine work?

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The action of glycine is irreplaceable in many biological processes. It acts as a building block for proteins, contributes to the production of other amino acids and acts as a neurotransmitter (carries signals between neurons)and.

It is found in high concentrations in skin, joint connective tissue and muscle tissue. It accounts for about 11% of all amino acids present in the body, and about 80% of glycine can be used for protein synthesisand.

Glycine is often an important ingredient in cosmetics and medicines, thanks to its anti-ageing properties and positive effects on skin and hair health. In addition, it can improve the effects of some drugs, including neuroleptics.

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A derivative of glycine was used to develop photographs.
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Dr. Witold Tomaszewski.

Witold Tomaszewskidoctor of medical sciences

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What formula does glycine have?

Glycine is the simplest amino acid due to the presence of a methylene group (CH2) in its side chain, making it the only amino acid that is not asymmetric. The formula of glycine (chemical formula) is C2H5NO2and.

L-glycine and D-glycine - what are the differences?

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L-glycine

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L-glycine is the biologically active form of glycine that living organisms, including humans, use to build proteins and other essential moleculesand.

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This is the form that is most commonly found in nature and is used in biological processes.

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D-glycine

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D-amino acids, including D-glycine, are less common in nature and are not typically used by organisms for protein synthesis. However, some studies suggest that they may have specific biological functions, particularly in certain types of bacteria and other microorganismsand.

How was glycine discovered?

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Glycine, which is derived from the Greek word "glykys" (sweet), was discovered by French chemist Henri Braconnot, who identified the chemical compound during the acid hydrolysis of gelatin .

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Gelatin is a rich source of glycine and a product of animal origin. The discovery of glycine is an important moment in the study of the biological building blocks of the body. It has contributed to further research into amino acids and their role in the biochemistry of organisms.

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What properties does glycine have?

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Glycine is crucial to the proper functioning of the body. It is an important component of proteins, playing a vital role in various biochemical processes, and its properties are being increasingly studied and appreciated.

What does glycine help?

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Prevents free radicals

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Glycine plays a key role in the production of glutathione, a powerful antioxidant essential in protecting cells from free radical damage. Glutathione, a tripeptide composed of glycine, glutamic acid and cysteine, is often referred to as the 'antioxidant champion' for its ability to neutralise oxidative stress and repair cellular damageand.

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Glutathione is found in all cells of the body. It is a leader in the fight against free radicals. Unfortunately, its concentration decreases during permanent stress, among other things.
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Ilona Krzak.

Ilona Krzak Master of Pharmacy

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Considering this, maintaining adequate levels of glycine in the diet or its endogenous production (produced by the body) is crucial for the efficient production of glutathione.

Additionally, glycine itself also exhibits antioxidant activity, which contributes to the protection of cells from damage caused by oxidative stress. Maintaining normal levels of glycine in the body is therefore important for health and the prevention of age-related diseasesand.

Participates in collagen synthesis

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Glycine plays a fundamental role in the production of collagen, a key protein responsible for the elasticity of your skin, hair, nails, joints and connective tissue. Collagen is the most important protein in the body made up of glycine, lysine, proline and hydroxyprolineand.

Glycine is the most important component, accounting for approximately 33% of collagen protein. Its small and simple structure allows collagen molecules to be densely 'located' to form strong, resilient structuresand.

Without adequate amounts of glycine, collagen production is compromised, which in turn can negatively impact the health of skin, bones, joints and other tissues rich in the protein of youth.

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Collagen synthesis without glycine is impossible.
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Ilona Krzak.

Ilona Krzak Master of Pharmacy

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Builds keratin

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Glycine is also an essential component of keratin, a type of protein found in hair, skin and nails. This structural protein (keratin) is made up of various amino acids, including glycine, whose presence contributes to the strength and toughness of keratinand.

Glycine provides flexibility and strength to the keratin structure. It is involved in the formation of stable bonds between molecules, which contributes to the health and resilience of hair, skin and nails .

Without adequate amounts of glycine, the keratin structure can be weakened, resulting in brittle hair or nails .

Promotes healthy sleep

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According to research, glycine may help regulate the internal biological clock, helping to promote good sleep hygiene.

Glycine, as a neurotransmitter in the nervous system, affects the glycine and NMDA receptor, which may help lower body temperature and provide more restful sleepand.

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Research has shown that supplementation with 3 grams of glycine before bed improves the quality of sleep, reduces the time it takes to fall asleep, and reduces feelings of fatigue during the dayand.

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This is why glycine is valuable for those struggling with sleep problems, such as insomnia or circadian rhythm disorders. By promoting restful, restful sleep, it can help improve overall quality of life and well-being.

Does glycine help with neurosis?"

Some studies suggest that glycine may have a calming and anti-anxiety effect. Although some tests indicate that glycine may reduce symptoms of neurosis, science is still uncertain about the full potential of this amino acid to treat these conditionsand.

Helps heart function

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Glycine has the potential to improve heart health in several waysand:

  • Preventing atherosclerosis. Glycine helps prevent the buildup of components that, in large amounts, are linked to atherosclerosis - a condition known to harden and narrow the arteries.
  • Preventing atherosclerosis.
  • Improving the ability to use nitric oxide. Glycine may improve the body's ability to use nitric oxide, an important molecule that increases flow and lowers blood pressure.
  • Risk reduction for heart conditions. In a 2015 study of more than 4,100 people with chest pain, higher levels of glycine were associated with a lower risk of heart disease and attacks over a 7-year follow-up. People with higher blood glycine levels were also less likely to suffer from obesity, diabetes and hypertensionand.

Promising results

In a clinical trial involving 60 patients with metabolic syndrome, systolic blood pressure decreased in response to supplementation with 15 g of glycine per day for three months .

Although the study results are promising, additional clinical trials are needed to confirm these effects and be able to recommend glycine supplementation to improve heart health.

May protect the liver from alcohol damage

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Glycine may protect the liver from alcohol damage throughand:

  • Detoxification. Glycine helps to eliminate the toxic substances produced when alcohol is metabolised.
  • .
  • Glutathione regeneration. Glycine helps rebuild your body's supply of glutathione, a natural antioxidant produced by your body that helps protect liver cells from free radical damage.
  • .
  • Prevent inflammation and promote regeneration. Glycine has anti-inflammatory effects and supports the regenerative processes in the liver that are needed to repair alcohol damage.

In one study in rats with alcohol-induced liver damage, liver cell status recovered 30% faster in the group fed a diet containing glycine than in the other animals.

Most studies on the glycine-hepatic relationship have been conducted in animals. Further tests are needed to confirm the role of glycine in protecting the human liver from alcohol damage.

Further tests are needed to confirm the role of glycine in protecting the human liver from alcohol damage.

See also:

Promotes creatine production

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Glycine is important for the production of creatine -a substance essential for energy production in your cells. In the first step, glycine combines with arginine to form a substance that is later converted into creatine.

May help people with type II diabetes

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Glycine may be potentially beneficial for people with type 2 diabetes. In this condition, the body either does not produce enough insulin or does not respond to it properly. This leads to problems with blood sugar regulationand.

Research suggests that glycine may improve the body's response to insulin in healthy people, suggesting that supplements with this amino acid may also benefit people with type 2 diabetes. Increased insulin response may help to better manage blood sugar .

An exploratory study

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In a clinical trial in patients taking 5000 mg of glycine daily for three months, reduced levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines were notedand. This offers hope for people with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.

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Glycine should be used by patients with type 2 diabetes. It has been studied that diabetics have reduced levels of glycine in the circulation. This is also associated with insulin resistance - lower blood levels of glycine are correlated with stronger insulin resistance.
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Ilona Krzak.

Ilona Krzak Master of Pharmacy

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Further research is needed to be able to recommend glycine supplementation as part of the treatment of type 2 diabetes, but it is tentatively apparent that something may be afoot.

How else does glycine work?

  • May improve memory and cognition. Several studies suggest that glycine may improve cognitive function, such as memory and focus, by affecting the action of selected receptors in the brainand.
  • Nourishes muscles. Glycine is one of the amino acids that is key to muscle health and function - it nourishes muscles and helps them work properlyand.
  • .

Glycine - uses

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Glycine is used in many fields because of its versatile properties. Key uses of glycine includeand:

  • Dietary supplements. Glycine is a common ingredient in dietary supplements. You can find it in formulations that support sleep, the nervous, muscular and skeletal systems and support brain function, among other things. Glycine also acts as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory amino acid.
  • .
  • Drug manufacturing. Glycine is used in the manufacture of various drugs, both as an active and auxiliary ingredient. It is an important ingredient in preparations designed to control epileptic seizures, treat schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders.
  • Food industry. Glycine is not uncommonly used as a sweetener in the food industry, especially in the manufacture of soft drinks and chewing gum.
  • Cosmetics. Glycine is also commonly used in skin care products and cosmetics. It is believed to have moisturising and anti-ageing properties.
  • Scientific research and medicine. Glycine is frequently featured in various biochemical and scientific studies. Trials are also underway on the potential use of glycine in the treatment of certain diseases, such as schizophrenia and Parkinson's disease.
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The presence of glycine has been detected in interstellar space and on comets (e.g. on Churyumov-Gersimenko).
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Dr Witold Tomaszewski.

Vitold Tomaszewskidoctor of medical sciences

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Where does glycine occur - sources in the diet

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In the table below you will find a list of products rich in glycine. Include some of them in your diet and you will protect yourself from a deficiency of this valuable amino acid. Where does glycine occur?

Product

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Glycine content (in mg) per 100 gand

Gelatine

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19049 mg

Cooked hogfish

2991 mg

Halves

1761 mg

Dried parsley

1756 mg

Chicken

1100 mg

Beef

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1200 mg

Soy

1000 mg

Egg

400 mg

Milk

100 mg

Hazelnuts

73 mg

Bananas

40 mg

Potatoes

39 mg

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Dietary glycine intake ranges from 1.5 to 3 g per day, depending on a person's protein intake. The human body requires 2 g of glycine per day and should provide it with food. Legumes, rice, fish, dairy products and meat are just some of the good sources of this amino acid.
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Ilona Krzak.

Ilona Krzak Master of Pharmacy

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Glycine deficiency

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The healthy human body is generally able to produce an adequate amount of glycine on its own. However, there are certain conditions and situations that can lead to a deficiency of it.

Causes of glycine deficiencyand:

  • Genetic diseases. Genetic factors can limit the body's ability to produce or use glycine.
  • Genetic disorders.
  • Inappropriate diet. An unhealthy diet or inability to absorb glycine from food can lead to a deficiency.
    • .

    Symptoms of deficiency

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    Glycine deficiency can be somewhat difficult to diagnose, as symptoms can mimic many other health conditions or be completely unnoticeable. Therefore, it is important to always consult your doctor if you suspect you may have a deficiency of this amino acid.

    Some symptoms of glycine deficiency includeand:

    • chronic fatigue,
    • .
    • problems with the nervous system,
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    • problems with the digestive system,
    • .

    Prolonged glycine deficiency can lead to the development of serious health problems such as neurotic disorders.

    See also:

    Glycine excess

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    Similar to a deficiency, an excess of glycine can also lead to health problems, although this is less common. Glycine is generally considered safe and healthy for most people, but excess glycine can lead to some side effects.

    Possible symptoms of excess glycine includeand:

    • Gastrointestinal disorders.  Too much glycine can lead to problems such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and abdominal pain.
    • .
    • Increased neurological symptoms. High levels of glycine can cause neurological symptoms, such as muscle tremors or movement disorders.
    • Allergic reactions. Although rare, allergies to glycine can occur. Most often, however, it is a reaction to glycine supplements, rather than the amino acid itself in the body.

    It should be noted that such symptoms are most likely to occur when glycine is consumed in large amounts in the form of supplements. Its overdose with diet is not possible.

    How to dose glycine?

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    In adults, it is usually recommended to consume 1 to 3 grams of glycine per day. However, the specific dosage should be tailored to individual health needsand.

    For example, for people suffering from sleep problems, the recommended dose is usually between 3 and 5 grams of glycine (one or two hours before bedtime). And the dosage of glycine for children must be determined by a doctorand.

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    I believe that glycine supplementation is important to improve body function, especially with a monotonous, non-diverse diet and heavy exposure to oxidative stress.
    .
    Ilona Krzak.

    Ilona Krzak Master of Pharmacy

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    .

    Where to buy glycine

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    You can buy glycine both in pharmacies and through online shops. You can find preparations from brands such as Ostrovit, Swanson, MYPROTEIN and Solgar. Glycine comes in both supplement and drug form. In turn, the price of glycine (for tablets or powder) is usually a few tens of zlotys.

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    Glycine supplements - tablets and powder

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    Vegan capsules

    Glycine ALINESS 800 mg

    Glycine ALINESS 800 mg
    4.8
    • Form: capsules
    • .
    • Dose: 3 capsules per day
    • .
    • Sufficient for: 33 days
    • .
    See price
    in the Ceneo shop
    Product description

    Glycine from ALINESS is a simple dietary supplement without any additives. The formula will only provide you with glycine. Its supplementation can contribute to better collagen production and also support healthy sleep.

    Pros and cons

    Glycine from ALINESS is a simple dietary supplement without any additives. The formula will only provide you with glycine. Its supplementation can contribute to better collagen production and also support healthy sleep.

    Additional information

    Glycine from ALINESS is a simple dietary supplement without any additives. The formula will only provide you with glycine. Its supplementation can contribute to better collagen production and also support healthy sleep.

    Efficient packaging

    Glycine Solgar 500 mg

    Glycine Solgar 500 mg
    4.8
    • Form: capsules
    • .
    • Dose: 1 capsule per day
    • .
    • Sufficient for: 100 days
    • .
    Product description

    The dietary supplement from Solgar will provide you with 500 mg of glycine per day. This is a good solution for people whoóre leading a healthy lifestyle, but want to additionally support, for example, the production of collagen in the body.

    Note, however, that a daily serving will not supplement the full glycine requirement.

    .
    Pros and cons

    The dietary supplement from Solgar will provide you with 500 mg of glycine per day. This is a good solution for people whoóre leading a healthy lifestyle, but want to additionally support, for example, the production of collagen in the body.

    Note, however, that a daily serving will not supplement the full glycine requirement.

    .
    Additional information

    The dietary supplement from Solgar will provide you with 500 mg of glycine per day. This is a good solution for people whoóre leading a healthy lifestyle, but want to additionally support, for example, the production of collagen in the body.

    Note, however, that a daily serving will not supplement the full glycine requirement.

    .

    A good dose of glycine

    Now Foods - Glycine 1000 mg

    Now Foods - Glycine 1000 mg
    4.8
    • Form: capsules
    • .
    • Dose: 1–3 capsules daily
    • .
    • Sufficient for: 33–100 days
    • .
    See price
    in the Ceneo shop
    Product description

    Preparation from Now Foods is glycine in its pure form. The supplement can support sleep hygiene, nervous system function and the production of collagen in the body. A daily dose, containing 1,000 mg of glycine, will not make up for a possible deficiency, but may act as a preventive measure.

    The manufacturer notes, however, that it is possible to extend the portion to three capsules per day. The glycine portion then increases to 3,000 mg.

    The manufacturer notes, however, that it can be extended to three capsules per day.

    Pros and cons

    Preparation from Now Foods is glycine in its pure form. The supplement can support sleep hygiene, nervous system function and the production of collagen in the body. A daily dose, containing 1,000 mg of glycine, will not make up for a possible deficiency, but may act as a preventive measure.

    The manufacturer notes, however, that it is possible to extend the portion to three capsules per day. The glycine portion then increases to 3,000 mg.

    The manufacturer notes, however, that it can be extended to three capsules per day.

    Additional information

    Preparation from Now Foods is glycine in its pure form. The supplement can support sleep hygiene, nervous system function and the production of collagen in the body. A daily dose, containing 1,000 mg of glycine, will not make up for a possible deficiency, but may act as a preventive measure.

    The manufacturer notes, however, that it is possible to extend the portion to three capsules per day. The glycine portion then increases to 3,000 mg.

    The manufacturer notes, however, that it can be extended to three capsules per day.

    Collagen products you can choose

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    Probably you want to take glycine to support your body's collagen production. If this is the case, then take a look at the products below. They will provide you with not only glycine, but collagen itself and other active ingredients (vitamins and minerals).

    Best overall

    Natu.Care Collagen Premium 5000 mg, mango-maracuja

    Natu.Care Collagen Premium 5000 mg, mango-maracuja
    5.0
    • Collagen content: 5000 mg marine collagen hydrolysate
    • .
    • Additional active ingredients: vitamin C, low molecular weight hyaluronic acid (and L-theanine and coenzyme Q10 in cocoa flavoured collagen or vitamin A and vitamin E in mango–passion fruit flavoured collagen)
    • .
    • Form: powder sachets
    • .
    • Dose: 1 sachet per day
    • .
    • Sufficient for: 30 days
    • .
    See price
    in the Natu.Care shop
    Product description

    Fish collagen from the Natu.Care brand in a dose of 5000 mg, based on certified ingredients of the best quality. Regular supplementation will positively influence the appearance of the skinóry, hairów and nails – they will be rebuilt and strengthened from the inside.

    In addition to collagen, which is valuable for health and beauty, it also offers other active ingredients that help to maintain a youthful complexion, shiny hair and strong nails.

    The formula contains a sufficient portion of the active ingredient to positively affect joints, the musculoskeletal system and immunity.

    Natu.Care Premium Collagen is available in two flavours – Cacao Bloom and Rise&Shine. Both formulas are based on the following active ingredients: marine collagen hydrolysate, wild roseóbud extract and hyaluronic acid.

    Additionally, Cacao Bloom contains natural L-theanine, coenzyme Q10 and defatted Dutch cacao. Rise&Shine instead contains vitamin E and vitamin A.

    These are the best collagens in the world.

    These best fish collagens on the market also rós taste – Cacao Bloom is a treat for chocolate lovers. Rise&Shine will appeal to those whoólike the refreshing taste of mangoófruit and passion fruit.

    Pros and cons

    Fish collagen from the Natu.Care brand in a dose of 5000 mg, based on certified ingredients of the best quality. Regular supplementation will positively influence the appearance of the skinóry, hairów and nails – they will be rebuilt and strengthened from the inside.

    In addition to collagen, which is valuable for health and beauty, it also offers other active ingredients that help to maintain a youthful complexion, shiny hair and strong nails.

    The formula contains a sufficient portion of the active ingredient to positively affect joints, the musculoskeletal system and immunity.

    Natu.Care Premium Collagen is available in two flavours – Cacao Bloom and Rise&Shine. Both formulas are based on the following active ingredients: marine collagen hydrolysate, wild roseóbud extract and hyaluronic acid.

    Additionally, Cacao Bloom contains natural L-theanine, coenzyme Q10 and defatted Dutch cacao. Rise&Shine instead contains vitamin E and vitamin A.

    These are the best collagens in the world.

    These best fish collagens on the market also rós taste – Cacao Bloom is a treat for chocolate lovers. Rise&Shine will appeal to those whoólike the refreshing taste of mangoófruit and passion fruit.

    Additional information

    Fish collagen from the Natu.Care brand in a dose of 5000 mg, based on certified ingredients of the best quality. Regular supplementation will positively influence the appearance of the skinóry, hairów and nails – they will be rebuilt and strengthened from the inside.

    In addition to collagen, which is valuable for health and beauty, it also offers other active ingredients that help to maintain a youthful complexion, shiny hair and strong nails.

    The formula contains a sufficient portion of the active ingredient to positively affect joints, the musculoskeletal system and immunity.

    Natu.Care Premium Collagen is available in two flavours – Cacao Bloom and Rise&Shine. Both formulas are based on the following active ingredients: marine collagen hydrolysate, wild roseóbud extract and hyaluronic acid.

    Additionally, Cacao Bloom contains natural L-theanine, coenzyme Q10 and defatted Dutch cacao. Rise&Shine instead contains vitamin E and vitamin A.

    These are the best collagens in the world.

    These best fish collagens on the market also rós taste – Cacao Bloom is a treat for chocolate lovers. Rise&Shine will appeal to those whoólike the refreshing taste of mangoófruit and passion fruit.

    User review

    Fish collagen from the Natu.Care brand in a dose of 5000 mg, based on certified ingredients of the best quality. Regular supplementation will positively influence the appearance of the skinóry, hairów and nails – they will be rebuilt and strengthened from the inside.

    In addition to collagen, which is valuable for health and beauty, it also offers other active ingredients that help to maintain a youthful complexion, shiny hair and strong nails.

    The formula contains a sufficient portion of the active ingredient to positively affect joints, the musculoskeletal system and immunity.

    Natu.Care Premium Collagen is available in two flavours – Cacao Bloom and Rise&Shine. Both formulas are based on the following active ingredients: marine collagen hydrolysate, wild roseóbud extract and hyaluronic acid.

    Additionally, Cacao Bloom contains natural L-theanine, coenzyme Q10 and defatted Dutch cacao. Rise&Shine instead contains vitamin E and vitamin A.

    These are the best collagens in the world.

    These best fish collagens on the market also rós taste – Cacao Bloom is a treat for chocolate lovers. Rise&Shine will appeal to those whoólike the refreshing taste of mangoófruit and passion fruit.

    .

    Refreshing taste

    Natu.Care Collagen 3000 mg, various flavours

    Natu.Care Collagen 3000 mg, various flavours
    4.7
    See price
    in the Natu.Care shop
    Product description

    Dietary supplement in a highly bioavailable form of hydrolysed collagen SeaGarden fish®. This formula has high bioavailability– youróbody will use collagen faster and more efficiently where you need it most. 

    A 3,000 mg serving of collagen benefits your hair, skinóhand and nails, as well as the functioning of your jointsómuscles and bones. The action of collagen is complemented by vitamin C, whichóra supports the natural production of the youth protein in the body and also helps with its absorption. It is also a great anti-ageing antioxidant.

    Natu.Care's Collagen 3000 mg is available in three fruit flavours (orange, raspberry-cranberry, blackcurrant) and a flavourless variant. The powder dissolves very well, does not form lumps in the liquid and you can add it to your favourite yoghurt, oatmeal or smoothie.

    Pros and cons

    Dietary supplement in a highly bioavailable form of hydrolysed collagen SeaGarden fish®. This formula has high bioavailability– youróbody will use collagen faster and more efficiently where you need it most. 

    A 3,000 mg serving of collagen benefits your hair, skinóhand and nails, as well as the functioning of your jointsómuscles and bones. The action of collagen is complemented by vitamin C, whichóra supports the natural production of the youth protein in the body and also helps with its absorption. It is also a great anti-ageing antioxidant.

    Natu.Care's Collagen 3000 mg is available in three fruit flavours (orange, raspberry-cranberry, blackcurrant) and a flavourless variant. The powder dissolves very well, does not form lumps in the liquid and you can add it to your favourite yoghurt, oatmeal or smoothie.

    Additional information

    Dietary supplement in a highly bioavailable form of hydrolysed collagen SeaGarden fish®. This formula has high bioavailability– youróbody will use collagen faster and more efficiently where you need it most. 

    A 3,000 mg serving of collagen benefits your hair, skinóhand and nails, as well as the functioning of your jointsómuscles and bones. The action of collagen is complemented by vitamin C, whichóra supports the natural production of the youth protein in the body and also helps with its absorption. It is also a great anti-ageing antioxidant.

    Natu.Care's Collagen 3000 mg is available in three fruit flavours (orange, raspberry-cranberry, blackcurrant) and a flavourless variant. The powder dissolves very well, does not form lumps in the liquid and you can add it to your favourite yoghurt, oatmeal or smoothie.

    Pure collagen

    Natu.Care Collagen 3000 mg, tasteless

    Natu.Care Collagen 3000 mg, tasteless
    4.6
    • Collagen content: 3000 mg collagen hydrolysate fish
    • Additional active ingredients: none
    • .
    • Form: powder
    • .
    • Dose: one scoop per day
    • .
    • Sufficient for: 30 days
    • .
    See price
    in the Natu.Care shop
    Product description

    The dietary supplement contains only pure fish collagen in the formula SeaGarden®. This Norwegian collagen is characterised by its purity and high bioavailability, which means that youróy body will utilise the collagen faster and more effectively.

    Regular supplementation fish collagen benefits hair, skinóhand and nails and supports joints, muscles and bones. It improves the appearance of the skinóry and slows down its ageing, giving it a healthy glow.

    Natu.Care Collagen 3000 mg has a neutral taste, dissolves well, does not form lumps in liquid and you can add it to your drink, yoghurt or smoothie.

    Pros and cons

    The dietary supplement contains only pure fish collagen in the formula SeaGarden®. This Norwegian collagen is characterised by its purity and high bioavailability, which means that youróy body will utilise the collagen faster and more effectively.

    Regular supplementation fish collagen benefits hair, skinóhand and nails and supports joints, muscles and bones. It improves the appearance of the skinóry and slows down its ageing, giving it a healthy glow.

    Natu.Care Collagen 3000 mg has a neutral taste, dissolves well, does not form lumps in liquid and you can add it to your drink, yoghurt or smoothie.

    Additional information

    The dietary supplement contains only pure fish collagen in the formula SeaGarden®. This Norwegian collagen is characterised by its purity and high bioavailability, which means that youróy body will utilise the collagen faster and more effectively.

    Regular supplementation fish collagen benefits hair, skinóhand and nails and supports joints, muscles and bones. It improves the appearance of the skinóry and slows down its ageing, giving it a healthy glow.

    Natu.Care Collagen 3000 mg has a neutral taste, dissolves well, does not form lumps in liquid and you can add it to your drink, yoghurt or smoothie.

    Aura Herbals Colladrop Forte

    Aura Herbals Colladrop Forte
    4.5
    • Collagen content: 10,000 mg sea collagen
    • Additional active ingredients: vitamin C and coenzyme Q10
    • Form: sachets of powder
    • .
    • Dosage: one sachet per day
    • .
    • Sufficient for: 30 days
    • .
    See price
    in the Natu.Care shop
    Product description

    A dietary supplement containing fish collagen for drinking in a high dose of 10,000 mg hydrolysate. It also offers you additional health and beauty benefits thanks to its coenzyme Q10 and vitamin C content. Supplementation with collagen can improve the appearance of your skinóskin, hairónails and improve the function of your jointsómuscles and bones.

    Pros and cons

    A dietary supplement containing fish collagen for drinking in a high dose of 10,000 mg hydrolysate. It also offers you additional health and beauty benefits thanks to its coenzyme Q10 and vitamin C content. Supplementation with collagen can improve the appearance of your skinóskin, hairónails and improve the function of your jointsómuscles and bones.

    Additional information

    A dietary supplement containing fish collagen for drinking in a high dose of 10,000 mg hydrolysate. It also offers you additional health and beauty benefits thanks to its coenzyme Q10 and vitamin C content. Supplementation with collagen can improve the appearance of your skinóskin, hairónails and improve the function of your jointsómuscles and bones.

    Best shot

    Primabiotic Collagen

    Primabiotic Collagen
    4.4
    See price
    in the Natu.Care shop
    Product description

    Collagen enriched with a vitamin complex, in the form of convenient fruit-flavoured shotsós. The dietary supplement has rejuvenating properties. It will make your skin elastic, smoother and stronger. You will also see the positive effects of collagen on your hair and nails.

    .

    Regular supplementation will improve jointómuscle function and strengthen bones. 

    .
    Pros and cons

    Collagen enriched with a vitamin complex, in the form of convenient fruit-flavoured shotsós. The dietary supplement has rejuvenating properties. It will make your skin elastic, smoother and stronger. You will also see the positive effects of collagen on your hair and nails.

    .

    Regular supplementation will improve jointómuscle function and strengthen bones. 

    .
    Additional information

    Collagen enriched with a vitamin complex, in the form of convenient fruit-flavoured shotsós. The dietary supplement has rejuvenating properties. It will make your skin elastic, smoother and stronger. You will also see the positive effects of collagen on your hair and nails.

    .

    Regular supplementation will improve jointómuscle function and strengthen bones. 

    .
    User review

    Collagen enriched with a vitamin complex, in the form of convenient fruit-flavoured shotsós. The dietary supplement has rejuvenating properties. It will make your skin elastic, smoother and stronger. You will also see the positive effects of collagen on your hair and nails.

    .

    Regular supplementation will improve jointómuscle function and strengthen bones. 

    .

    SOLVE LABS Collagen Peptides

    SOLVE LABS Collagen Peptides
    4.2
    • Collagen content: 6000 mg hydrolyzed beef collagen type I and III COLLinstant®
    • .
    • Additional active ingredients: hyaluronic acid
    • Form: powder
    • .
    • Dose: one scoop (6 g) daily
    • .
    • Sufficient for: 30 days
    • .
    See price
    in the Natu.Care shop
    Product description

    High-quality hydrolysate of bovine collagen (types I and III). Thanks to the COLLinstant® collagen peptide extraction technology, the preparation is well absorbed. 

    .

    The combination of collagen and hyaluronic acid has a beneficial effect on the appearance of your skinóry. Your complexion will become firmer, moisturised and wrinkles will become shallower. The effects can also be felt on your hair: it becomes soft and shiny. The nail plate will regain its healthy appearance.

    .

    A daily serving will support the health of your jointsós, bones and muscles.

    Pros and cons

    High-quality hydrolysate of bovine collagen (types I and III). Thanks to the COLLinstant® collagen peptide extraction technology, the preparation is well absorbed. 

    .

    The combination of collagen and hyaluronic acid has a beneficial effect on the appearance of your skinóry. Your complexion will become firmer, moisturised and wrinkles will become shallower. The effects can also be felt on your hair: it becomes soft and shiny. The nail plate will regain its healthy appearance.

    .

    A daily serving will support the health of your jointsós, bones and muscles.

    Additional information

    High-quality hydrolysate of bovine collagen (types I and III). Thanks to the COLLinstant® collagen peptide extraction technology, the preparation is well absorbed. 

    .

    The combination of collagen and hyaluronic acid has a beneficial effect on the appearance of your skinóry. Your complexion will become firmer, moisturised and wrinkles will become shallower. The effects can also be felt on your hair: it becomes soft and shiny. The nail plate will regain its healthy appearance.

    .

    A daily serving will support the health of your jointsós, bones and muscles.

    User review

    High-quality hydrolysate of bovine collagen (types I and III). Thanks to the COLLinstant® collagen peptide extraction technology, the preparation is well absorbed. 

    .

    The combination of collagen and hyaluronic acid has a beneficial effect on the appearance of your skinóry. Your complexion will become firmer, moisturised and wrinkles will become shallower. The effects can also be felt on your hair: it becomes soft and shiny. The nail plate will regain its healthy appearance.

    .

    A daily serving will support the health of your jointsós, bones and muscles.

     

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    Collagen Reme

    Collagen Reme
    4.0
    See price
    in the Natu.Care shop
    Product description

    The dietary supplement from Remé contains beef collagen in the patented VERISOL formula and vitamin C, whichóra aids its absorption. The formula comes in three flavours: neutral, orange-maracuja and strawberry-pomegranate. The formula can effectively support and improve the condition of the skin hair and nails. It is also 

    .
    Pros and cons

    The dietary supplement from Remé contains beef collagen in the patented VERISOL formula and vitamin C, whichóra aids its absorption. The formula comes in three flavours: neutral, orange-maracuja and strawberry-pomegranate. The formula can effectively support and improve the condition of the skin hair and nails. It is also 

    .
    Additional information

    The dietary supplement from Remé contains beef collagen in the patented VERISOL formula and vitamin C, whichóra aids its absorption. The formula comes in three flavours: neutral, orange-maracuja and strawberry-pomegranate. The formula can effectively support and improve the condition of the skin hair and nails. It is also 

    .
     

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    See also:

    .
    .
    Oral supplementation of glycine in the correct dose is very effective in reducing metabolic disorders in people with cardiovascular disease, inflammatory conditions, cancer, diabetes and obesity.
    Ilona Krzak.

    Ilona Krzak Master of Pharmacy

    .
    .

    What are the contraindications to the use of glycine?

    .

    Glycine is considered safe in most cases, but there are certain groups of people and circumstances that may contraindicate its useand.

    • Children. It is not recommended to administer glycine to children without first consulting a physician.
    • The use of glycine in children is not recommended.
    • Pregnancy and lactation. There are not enough studies on the safety of glycine during pregnancy and lactation, so it is recommended to avoid its use unless your doctor decides otherwise.
    • Pregnancy and lactation.
    • Kidney and liver disease. People with kidney or liver disease should avoid supplementation with glycine without first consulting a doctor, as the body's ability to eliminate this amino acid may be affected.
    • .

    See also:

    Glycine - side effects

    .

    Glycine is generally well tolerated by most people. Nevertheless, it can cause side effects such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea or abdominal pain. Occasionally, it also causes allergic reactions manifesting as rashes, itching, swelling of the face or tongue, or even breathing difficulties.

    • Gastrointestinal problems. Glycine can cause gastric unpleasantness such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea or abdominal cramps.
    • Glycine can cause stomach problems.
    • Changes in blood pressure. There is scientific evidence to suggest that glycine may lower blood pressure.
    • .
    • Allergic reactions.Although rare, some people may experience allergic reactions to glycine, which can include rash, itching, trouble breathing, swelling of the face, tongue or throat.

    Experts' opinions on glycine: doctor, pharmacist and clinical nutritionist

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    .
    Glycine is the simplest in structure among the 20 standard protein amino acids. It is an endogenous amino acid, which means that we are able to synthesise it ourselves. Therefore, if there are no disorders, e.g. genetically determined metabolic defects, supplementation is unnecessary.
    .
    Dr Witold Tomaszewski.

    Witold Tomaszewskidoctor of medical sciences

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    .
    .
    Glycine is one of the most common and essential amino acids in the body. Collagen, known as the protein of youth, owes many of its benefits precisely to glycine, which additionally acts as an anti-inflammatory, protects the liver, improves blood circulation, calcium absorption and is essential for the construction of haem.
    .
    Julia Skrajda.

    Julia SkrajdaDietitian

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    Glycine is a transmitter in the central nervous system (CNS) - it is used to enhance antipsychotic drugs containing glutamic acid. It is also 'involved' in the synthesis of haem, purines and the production of bile acids.
    .
    Dr Witold Tomaszewski.

    Witold Tomaszewskidoctor of medical sciences

    .
    .
    .
    Although glycine occurs naturally in the body, it is still sometimes worth supplementing with it in the form of supplements and, above all, ensuring that it is present in the diet. The biggest myth against glycine is that it is unnecessary to supplement it. In my opinion, it really is worth it.
    .
    Julia Skrajda.

    Julia SkrajdaDietitian

    .
    .
    .
    Glycine is the smallest multifunctional amino acid. It exhibits a number of important properties for our body. It is mainly synthesised from serine. This process provides approximately 2.5 g of glycine per day. This amino acid can also be obtained from choline.
    .
    Ilona Krzak.

    Ilona Krzak Master of Pharmacy

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    .

    See also:

    .

    Summary

    .
    .
    • Glycine is an organic chemical compound and the simplest of the protein amino acids, capable of independent synthesis in the human body.
    • Plays important roles in biological processes as a protein building block, a component in the production of other amino acids and a neurotransmitter.
    • Glycine is found in high concentrations in skin, joint and muscle tissues.
    • .
    • You will find it in protein-rich foods such as meat, fish and dairy products, as well as in legumes and rice.
    • Glycine is an amino acid in the body.
    • Although the healthy human body produces an adequate amount of glycine on its own, there are certain conditions and circumstances that can lead to a deficiency, such as genetic diseases or an inadequate diet.
    • .
    • Overabundance of glycine is less common and can lead to mild stomach problems, low blood pressure or allergic reactions.
    • Side effects and contraindications to glycine supplementation are rare.
    • .
    .

    FAQ

    .
    . Is glycine + cysteine a good combination?.

    Yes. Glycine is a key component of collagen and is also involved in the production of DNA, phospholipids and heme, which are important for blood cell function. Cysteine, on the other hand, is a component of the protein glutathione, one of the main antioxidants in the body. Its presence is therefore crucial for immune system health and the prevention of oxidative stress.

    Considering these roles, the combination of glycine and cysteine has the potential to provide health benefits such as improved antioxidant protection, improved production of collagen and overall support for cellular function.

    . How do glycine and proline work?.

    Glycine and proline are amino acids that have key functions in the body. Of particular importance is their role in the production of collagen, the main structural protein of the skin. Together, glycine and proline can potentially increase its production in the body, which in turn improves skin, bone and joint health.

    Some studies also suggest that the combination of glycine and proline may help relieve symptoms of joint inflammation.

    . How much does glycine cost?.

    The price of glycine varies according to the manufacturer, the form of the product (tablets, powder, etc.), and the shop or pharmacy. Most often, however, the price of a glycine supplement in tablet form (approximately 100 units) ranges from a dozen to a few tens of zlotys.

    . Can glycine be supplemented in children?.

    No, glycine cannot be given to children. The exception to this is if otherwise recommended by a specialist. Although glycine is generally considered safe, its consumption can have different effects depending on the individual needs and health of the child. Therefore, the decision on supplementation, in the youngest, should always be consulted with a doctor.

    . When to take glycine?.

    Glycine can be taken at any time during the day, but it is often recommended to take it before bedtime, due to its benefits for sleep quality. Long-term supplementation with an optimal dose of glycine (approximately 3g) an hour or two before going to bed can improve sleep quality.

    . Is glycine safe?.

    Yes, glycine is generally considered safe for most people when used as directed. It is a naturally occurring amino acid that the body uses to make proteins. However, some side effects may occur with large and unreasonable doses, including nausea or diarrhoea.

    . Where can we find glycine?.

    Glycine is found in many protein-rich foods. You can find it in meat (especially poultry and pork), fish like cod or dairy products (such as cheese and yoghurt). You will also find glycine in seeds, mainly pumpkin and sesame, as well as in legumes, for example lentils and chickpeas. Rich sources of this amino acid are also gelatine and bone broth.

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    .

    Sources

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    . See all.

    Adeva-Andany, M., Souto-Adeva, G., Ameneiros-Rodríguez, E., Fernández-Fernández, C., Donapetry-García, C., & Domínguez-Montero, A. (2018). Insulin resistance and glycine metabolism in humans. Amino Acids50(1), 11-27. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00726-017-2508-0

    Avgerinos, K. I., Spyrou, N., Bougioukas, K. I., & Kapogiannis, D. (2018). Effects of creatine supplementation on cognitive function of healthy individuals: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Experimental Gerontology108, 166-173. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exger.2018.04.013

    Branch, J. D. (2003). Effect of creatine supplementation on body composition and performance: A meta-analysis. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism13(2), 198-226. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.13.2.198

    Bruha, R., Dvorak, K., & Petrtyl, J. (2012). Alcoholic liver disease. World Journal of Hepatology4(3), 81-90. https://doi.org/10.4254/wjh.v4.i3.81

    Chen, C.-Y., Ching, L.-C., Liao, Y.-J., Yu, Y.-B., Tsou, C.-Y., Shyue, S.-K., Chen, Y.-M. A., & Lee, T.-S. (2012). Deficiency of glycine N-methyltransferase aggravates atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-null mice. Molecular Medicine (Cambridge, Mass.)18(1), 744-752. https://doi.org/10.2119/molmed.2011.00396

    Chilibeck, P. D., Candow, D. G., Landeryou, T., Kaviani, M., & Paus-Jenssen, L. (2015). Effects of Creatine and Resistance Training on Bone Health in Postmenopausal Women. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise47(8), 1587-1595. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000571

    Chilibeck, P. D., Kaviani, M., Candow, D. G., & Zello, G. A. (2017). Effect of creatine supplementation during resistance training on lean tissue mass and muscular strength in older adults: A meta-analysis. Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine8, 213-226. https://doi.org/10.2147/OAJSM.S123529

    Clark, K. L., Sebastianelli, W., Flechsenhar, K. R., Aukermann, D. F., Meza, F., Millard, R. L., Deitch, J. R., Sherbondy, P. S., & Albert, A. (2008). 24-Week study on the use of collagen hydrolysate as a dietary supplement in athletes with activity-related joint pain. Current Medical Research and Opinion24(5), 1485-1496. https://doi.org/10.1185/030079908x291967

    de Paz-Lugo, P., Lupiáñez, J. A., & Meléndez-Hevia, E. (2018). High glycine concentration increases collagen synthesis by articular chondrocytes in vitro: Acute glycine deficiency could be an important cause of osteoarthritis. Amino Acids50(10), 1357-1365. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00726-018-2611-x

    Ding, Y., Svingen, G. F. T., Pedersen, E. R., Gregory, J. F., Ueland, P. M., Tell, G. S., & Nygård, O. K. (2015). Plasma Glycine and Risk of Acute Myocardial Infarction in Patients With Suspected Stable Angina Pectoris. Journal of the American Heart Association: Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease5(1), e002621. https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.115.002621

    El Hafidi, M., Pérez, I., & Baños, G. (2006). Is glycine effective against elevated blood pressure? Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care9(1), 26-31. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.mco.0000196143.72985.9a

    El Hafidi, M., Pérez, I., Zamora, J., Soto, V., Carvajal-Sandoval, G., & Baños, G. (2004). Glycine intake decreases plasma free fatty acids, adipose cell size, and blood pressure in sucrose-fed rats. American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology287(6), R1387-1393. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.00159.2004

    Elam, M. L., Johnson, S. A., Hooshmand, S., Feresin, R. G., Payton, M. E., Gu, J., & Arjmandi, B. H. (2015). A calcium-collagen chelate dietary supplement attenuates bone loss in postmenopausal women with osteopenia: A randomised controlled trial. Journal of Medicinal Food18(3), 324-331. https://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2014.0100

    González-Ortiz, M., Medina-Santillán, R., Martínez-Abundis, E., & von Drateln, C. R. (2001). Effect of glycine on insulin secretion and action in healthy first-degree relatives of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Hormone and Metabolic Research = Hormon- Und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones Et Metabolisme33(6), 358-360. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2001-15421

    Iimuro, Y., Bradford, B. U., Forman, D. T., & Thurman, R. G. (1996). Glycine prevents alcohol-induced liver injury by decreasing alcohol in the rat stomach. Gastroenterology110(5), 1536-1542. https://doi.org/10.1053/gast.1996.v110.pm8613061

    Inagawa, K., Hiraoka, T., Kohda, T., Yamadera, W., & Takahashi, M. (2006). Subjective effects of glycine ingestion before bedtime on sleep quality. Sleep and Biological Rhythms4(1), 75-77. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1479-8425.2006.00193.x

    Kalhan, S. C., Gruca, L., Marczewski, S., Bennett, C., & Kummitha, C. (2016). Whole Body Creatine and Protein Kinetics in Healthy Men and Women: Effects of creatine and amino acid supplementation. Amino acids48(3), 677-687. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00726-015-2111-1

    Kawai, N., Sakai, N., Okuro, M., Karakawa, S., Tsuneyoshi, Y., Kawasaki, N., Takeda, T., Bannai, M., & Nishino, S. (2015). The Sleep-Promoting and Hypothermic Effects of Glycine are Mediated by NMDA Receptors in the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus. Neuropsychopharmacology40(6), Article 6. https://doi.org/10.1038/npp.2014.326

    Kreider, R. B., Kalman, D. S., Antonio, J., Ziegenfuss, T. N., Wildman, R., Collins, R., Candow, D. G., Kleiner, S. M., Almada, A. L., & Lopez, H. L. (2017). International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: safety and efficacy of creatine supplementation in exercise, sport, and medicine. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition14(1), 18. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12970-017-0173-z

    Lanhers, C., Pereira, B., Naughton, G., Trousselard, M., Lesage, F.-X., & Dutheil, F. (2017). Creatine Supplementation and Upper Limb Strength Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sports Medicine (Auckland, N.Z.)47(1), 163-173. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-016-0571-4

    Liguori, I., Russo, G., Curcio, F., Bulli, G., Aran, L., Della-Morte, D., Gargiulo, G., Testa, G., Cacciatore, F., Bonaduce, D., & Abete, P. (2018). Oxidative stress, aging, and diseases. Clinical Interventions in Aging13, 757-772. https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S158513

    .

    Liu, S.-P., Li, Y.-S., Chen, Y.-J., Chiang, E.-P., Li, A. F.-Y., Lee, Y.-H., Tsai, T.-F., Hsiao, M., Huang, S.-F., & Chen, Y.-M. A. (2007). Glycine N-methyltransferase-/- mice develop chronic hepatitis and glycogen storage disease in the liver. Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.)46(5), 1413-1425. https://doi.org/10.1002/hep.21863

    Martínez-Uña, M., Varela-Rey, M., Mestre, D., Fernández-Ares, L., Fresnedo, O., Fernandez-Ramos, D., Gutiérrez-de Juan, V., Martin-Guerrero, I., García-Orad, A., Luka, Z., Wagner, C., Lu, S. C., García-Monzón, C., Finnell, R. H., Aurrekoetxea, I., Buqué, X., Martínez-Chantar, M. L., Mato, J. M., & Aspichueta, P. (2015). S-Adenosylmethionine increases circulating very-low density lipoprotein clearance in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Journal of Hepatology62(3), 673-681. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhep.2014.10.019

    Proksch, E., Segger, D., Degwert, J., Schunck, M., Zague, V., & Oesser, S. (2014). Oral Supplementation of Specific Collagen Peptides Has Beneficial Effects on Human Skin Physiology: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study. Skin Pharmacology and Physiology27(1), 47-55. https://doi.org/10.1159/000351376

    Rippe, J. M., & Angelopoulos, T. J. (2016). Relationship between Added Sugars Consumption and Chronic Disease Risk Factors: Current Understanding. Nutrients8(11), 697. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8110697

    Goff, D. C., Tsai, G., Levitt, J., Amico, E., Manoach, D., Schoenfeld, D. A., Hayden, D. L., McCarley, R., & Coyle, J. T. (1999). A Placebo-Controlled Trial of D-Cycloserine Added to Conventional Neuroleptics in Patients With Schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry56(1), 21-27. https://doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.56.1.21

    Senthilkumar, R., Viswanathan, P., & Nalini, N. (2003). Glycine modulates hepatic lipid accumulation in alcohol-induced liver injury. Polish Journal of Pharmacology55(4), 603-611.

    Wu, G. (2016). Dietary protein intake and human health. Food & Function7(3), 1251-1265. https://doi.org/10.1039/C5FO01530H

    Yamashina, S., Ikejima, K., Enomoto, N., Takei, Y., & Sato, N. (2005). Glycine as a therapeutic immuno-nutrient for alcoholic liver disease. Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research29(11 Suppl), 162S-5S. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.alc.0000189281.82523.6c

    Jelonek, L. (2023). Collagen. Everything you need to know (B. Turczynski, ed.; 1st ed.). Natu.Care. https://books.google.com/books?vid=9788396887801

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Meet the team
Ludwig Jelonek - Author

Natu.Care Editor

Ludwik Jelonek is the author of more than 2,500 texts published on leading portals. His content has found its way into services such as Ostrovit and Kobieta Onet. At Natu.Care, Ludwik educates people in the most important area of life - health.

Ilona Bush - Reviewed by

Master of Pharmacy

Verified by an expert

Ilona Krzak obtained her Master of Pharmacy degree from the Medical University of Wrocław. She did her internship in a hospital pharmacy and in the pharmaceutical industry. She is currently working in the profession and also runs an educational profile on Instagram: @pani_z_apteki

Bartholomew Turczynski - Edited by

Editor-in-Chief

Bartłomiej Turczyński is the editor-in-chief of Natu.Care. He is responsible for the quality of the content created on Natu.Care, among others, and ensures that all articles are based on sound scientific research and consulted with industry specialists.

Nina Wawryszuk - Fact-checking

Natu.Care Editor

Nina Wawryszuk specialises in sports supplementation, strength training and psychosomatics. On a daily basis, in addition to writing articles for Natu.Care, as a personal trainer she helps athletes improve their performance through training, diet and supplementation.

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